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Association between therapy outcome and right-hemispheric activation in chronic aphasia

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TitleAssociation between therapy outcome and right-hemispheric activation in chronic aphasia
Publication TypeJournal Article
AbstractThe role of the right hemisphere for language processing and successful therapeutic interventions in aphasic patients is a matter of debate. This study explored brain activation in right-hemispheric areas and left-hemispheric perilesional areas in response to language tasks in chronic non-fluent aphasic patients before and after constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT). In particular, we analysed the relation between brain responses and therapy outcome. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), brain activation was measured during word-reading (REA) and word-stem completion (COM) in 16 chronic non-fluent aphasic and 8 healthy subjects. Before therapy, activation in right inferior frontal gyrus/insula (IFG/IC) was stronger in aphasics compared to controls during REA and in precentral gyrus (PCG) during COM. Therapeutic intervention per se did not change brain activation for either task across all aphasic subjects. However, therapeutic success correlated with a relative decrease of activation in right-hemispheric areas, including the IFG/IC. Most importantly, initial activation in right IFG/IC and other right-hemispheric areas correlated positively with subsequent therapy success. Thus, right-hemispheric activation prior to aphasia therapy strongly predicts therapeutic success, suggesting that brain activation in chronic aphasia indicates the patients' potential for further language improvement.
AuthorsRichter, M., Miltner W. H., and Straube T.
Year of Publication2008
Date PublishedMay
PublicationBrain: A Journal of Neurology
Volume131
Issue5
Pages1391-1401
ISSN0006-8950 (print), 1460-2156 (electronic)
Publisher DOIhttp://brain.oxfordjournals.org/content/131/5/1391
Keywords (MeSH)adult, aged, aphasia, brain, chronic disease, language, reading, treatment outcome
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