Teaching Decoding for Generalization Using the Nonverbal Reading Approach

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TitleTeaching Decoding for Generalization Using the Nonverbal Reading Approach
Publication TypeJournal Article
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of teaching students with severe speech and physical impairments to decode words using the Nonverbal Reading Approach (NRA), and to determine if the students would generalize the decoding skills to unknown words with similar phoneme sequences. A multiple baseline probe design was used across 3 students. Results indicate that the NRA’s use of internal speech, diagnostic distractor arrays, and error analysis was an effective means of teaching the students to decode targeted words. Use of these decoding skills generalized to unknown words with little or no additional instruction.
AuthorsWolff Heller, K., Frederick L. D., Tumlin J., and Brineman D. G.
Year of Publication2002
PublicationJournal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
ISSN1056-263X (print); 1573-3580 (online)
Publisher DOI
Keywords (MeSH)child, reading, speech disorders, teaching