cerebral palsy (CP)


A developmental condition, with symptoms usually evident during the first three years of life.

cerebral palsy (CP) – a group of chronic neurological conditions affecting body movements and muscle co-ordination, caused by damage to one or more specific areas of the brain. CP exists at birth and is not progressive. Cerebral means related to the brain or cerebrum and palsy refers to complete or partial muscle paralysis.

There are different types of cerebral palsy and no two people are affected in the same way. Effects may be mild or much more profound and some people with cerebral palsy may, for example, have learning disabilities or be deaf. Speech may be difficult where facial muscles are affected and other problems with vision, hearing, motor skills or cognitive skills will affect communication.

See also complex communication needs (CCN) and developmental-learning disabilities.

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December 2012