developmental-learning disability


A birth condition, affecting children and continuing throughout their adult life.

developmental-learning disability – difficulty understanding new or complex information, learning new skills and living independently.

Severe learning disability is commonly due to specific genetic or physical abnormalities, with Down’s syndrome the most common specific cause. Fragile X syndrome is also a genetic cause, where all boys but only a third of girls have mild, moderate or severe learning disabilities. The Down's Syndrome Association advise that

Down's syndrome is not a disease. People with Down's syndrome are not ill and do not "suffer" from the condition.

Some people with a learning disability also have other physical and emotional conditions; for example, some people with cerebral palsy can have a learning disability and, although autism is not a learning disability, around 50% of people with autism may also have a learning disability.

See also  autism spectrum disorders (ASD),  cerebral palsy (CP),  complex communication needs (CCN) and  profound and multiple learning difficulties (PMLD)

Useful information available at

December 2012